The European Union (EU)-Africa trade partnership is characterised by numerous trade agreements. Concerns have been raised over the ways in which EU Rules of Origin (RoO) can impact exporters and regional value chains. The key objective of this project is to assess the role of EU RoO in EU-Africa trade relations with regards to the impact on trade, export growth and diversification, sourcing decisions, and administrative requirements, and to provide recommendations on addressing any challenges identified and lessons learned for the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) or Regional Economic Communities (RECs).
The study will highlight the ways in which RoO represent barriers or opportunities for trade and investment for African trade partners. It will also provide case studies focusing on two African exporting countries, Madagascar and Rwanda and will undertake an in-depth analysis of two value chains to assess the constraints and opportunities encountered in the export of final products. The team will make a series of recommendations to outline ways in which current shortcomings of preferential RoO can be addressed.